Beyond Blaine: Retirement And Succession

In May 2016, industry maverick Jim Blaine announced his retirement from State Employees’ Credit Union. His successor, longtime SECU executive Mike Lord, was named soon after. In this ongoing series, details Blaine’s history with the credit union and the movement, how SECU arrived at a successor, and what’s next under Lord for the $30 billion institution.

Jim Blaine, CEO of State Employees Credit Union, will retire after more than four decades with the credit union.

Scroll through the timeline below to see SECU milestones and read more about the succession of Jim Blaine.

Part I: Retirement And Succession

Nation’s biggest state-chartered credit union must plot course for the future without its iconic CEO.

After more than 35 years leading State Employees Credit Union ($33.3B, Raleigh, NC), industry heavyweight Jim Blaine announced his retirement in May 2016.

Blaine has served as the CEO of SECU since 1979 and has worked for the North Carolina cooperative for 45 years. His successor, veteran CFO Mike Lord, takes over on Sept. 1.

SECU defies conventional wisdom in its approach to member and community service, and powers its bottom line with a heady dose of hard-eyed pragmatism and what its longtime leader calls some eccentricities.

Under Blaines leadership, SECU became a $33 billion institution that serves more than 2 million members through a network that includes a brick-and-mortar presence in each of the 100 counties in North Carolina.

Howd SECU do it? And how does the nations second-largest credit union move on without its vocal front man? Through a series of interviews with, Blaine and Lord and their colleagues will explore the process of tapping the next in line, looking back to the succession planning that preceded Blaine’s departure and forward through the strategic thinking that informs the road ahead.

What can you learn from the team at SECU? Click here for a listing of best practice articles, Q&As, first person commentaries, and more.


State Employees’ Credit Union
Data as of 03.31.16

HQ: Raleigh, NC
ASSETS: $33.3B
MEMBERS: 2,076,314
12-MO LOAN GROWTH: 10.0%
ROA: 1.3%

Scroll through the timeline below to see SECU milestones and read more about the succession of Jim Blaine.

Part II: SECU Prepares For Life Without Blaine

The process of replacing Jim Blaine has begun. The time is right.

The process of replacing Jim Blaine at State Employees Credit Union ($33.3B, Raleigh, NC) will reflect the philosophy that has driven its ascension to its long-held spot as the nations second-largest credit union.

Blaine has been at SECUs helm since 1979, six years after he was hired on as a loan officer. He now says he plans to retire 60 to 90 days after the North Carolina cooperative names a successor, an event he says will coincide with the end of the big credit unions fiscal year on June 30 either this year or next, depending on when the board makes its choice.

I just turned 67, Blaine says. They say 60 may be the new 40, but I promise you 80 is not the new 50. Were out of the recession, well-capitalized, and growing like crazy. Weve got a great staff and a great board and theyve got a lot of things planned for the next five years. The time is right.

Blaine has built a reputation across the industry for going it alone, including defying the NCUA about CAMEL scores in a dispute that resulted in regulators imposing dual examinations on state-chartered credit unions there, as well as leaving and re-joining CUNA over dual membership and other issues.

But his most permanent legacy might well be leading his organization during a growth period in which SECU went from $300 million to more than $33 billion in assets. Its 256 branches now include at least one in each of the Tarheel States 100 counties and SECU now has more than 2 million members.

But Blaine wants the world to know growth for growths sake is not in SECUs DNA, and thats in a state where national banking was born. After all, Charlotte is the home base for Bank of America, once NationsBank, once NCNB.

Were an unusual organization in the sense we dont have growth goals and incentives and inducements that are tied to growth, Blaine says. Our growth is a result of doing what were supposed to be doing in a good fashion that is accessible to members.

Sticking to the idea that people want to bank local, SECU has defied conventional wisdom about the death of branching, building out its network while adding the requisite electronic services that were supposed to doom those brick-and-mortar edifices. Many of those branches also now include call centers that provide local jobs while providing internal capacity for remote service delivery if branches indeed do lose their luster.

People think were soft and fuzzy with a lot of this, Blaine says. I keep telling people were not. Everything we do is strongly considered and very practical.

That includes helping build strong communities and thus community relationships through such endeavors as the teacher housing and hospice centers the SECU Foundationfinances, backed by donations at $1 each month from checking accounts that belong to members who think this is all a good idea. Its an opt-in and the vast majority of members opt to.

The banking industry is negative about credit unions not supporting local communities, Blaine says. Politically, this is a way to counteract that, but its good advertising, too, to show local support. Thats tremendously important to people here in North Carolina. Our members love it and are proud to be associated with us.

SECUs outreach also includes one of the largest VITA programs in the country, but it does not include paid advertising nor other marketing staples such as sports team sponsorships. And it never has.

Marketing Expense Per Member


Source: Callahan & Associates.

Its membership eligibility requirements are simple: state and university employees and those whose employers are subject to the State Personnel Act. And their families.

Thats pretty much all of us in this state, Blaine says with a laugh. Were a North Carolina-based credit union. Were focused on North Carolina. We dont go beyond our borders for members.

Keeping the focus in-state extends to the CEO search process itself. SECU hired an in-state management consultant to do that work.

SECU is using Matthews, Young Management Consulting to help it find its next CEO. Find your next partner in the Callahan & Associates online Buyer’s Guide.

Although Blaine says the decision on his successor is in no way his, he’s willing to give a hint or two about what the future might hold: Ive seen some very strong indications that there are quite a few internal candidates the board is interested in.

Scroll through the timeline below to see SECU milestones and read more about the succession of Jim Blaine.

Part III: No Culture Clash At SECU

Do The Right Thing is mantra made material at nation’s second-largest credit union.

The new CEO at State Employees Credit Union will be charged with maintaining a culture that has guided its growth into the second-largest credit union in the country while staying old school in a lot of ways.

Longtime head man Jim Blaine plans to retire soon after a successor is named, leaving behind a credit union he joined as a loan officer in 1973 and where he assumed the helm in 1979. During that time the credit union grew from $300 million to more than $33 billion, and it now has more than 250 branches and 2 million members.

How? By keeping it simple. That includes this simple mission statement: Do The Right Thing. In SECUs case, that has meant keeping the management pyramid flat, offering all members the same loan rates, avoiding sales incentives and commissions, and other in Blaines words eccentricities.

In this second of a series of articles that will follow the succession process at SECU, Blaine provides a quick look at a list of 10 such eccentricities that he says makes SECU uniquely different. While SECUs service to its state includes accomplishments such as a thriving foundation that has funded the construction of hospices, teacher housing, and the like across North Carolina, as well as providing employment and brick-and-mortar investment in ways that others might eschew, Blaine says his playbook isnt a feel good story.

These are hard-nosed, practical, real world practices which give us cost, market, and PR advantages that are substantial, Blaine says. Very little at SECU is accidental. Thats often overlooked in the persona that has been created of this credit union.

Heres a quick look at those 10 eccentricities:

1. Mission Statement: Do The Right Thing

This statement of purpose is not the result of as the veteran CEO puts it three or four horrible weekends of wordsmithing and hours of arguing over the exact wording, and then putting it on a piece of paper and never seeing it again.

No, Blaine says, We all know the difference between right and wrong. Doing the right thing means putting member interests first, period. A prime example: Avoiding pay incentives, which can naturally tempt a staffer to see that first and what the member really needs second.

Staff is paid based on degree of difficulty and some level of experience, Blaine says. The credit union also provides no executive country club memberships or preferred parking. Our board is all volunteers, he says. If you want to be kept honest as a CEO, work for an unpaid board. Thatll keep you humble.

2. Vision Statement

Our vision is, Send us your mama, Blaine says. Be the credit union that stands between her and the aluminum door salesman at your mamas door.

Elder abuse, in fact, is a pet peeve at SECU. Institutionally, the credit union has been active in urging state lawmakers to create safe harbors for financial services providers to report suspected problems. On a more personal level, Blaine says, his staff sees such exploitation show up in their lobbies.

They can get in a fistfight in the lobby if they have to, theyre not going to make that withdrawal, he says. Were there to protect your mama.

This is a credit union that doesnt even join local Chambers of Commerce, Blaine says, because the local business interests (he gives the example of a new shopping mall) may not always be in the best interest of our local members. We are a consumer advocacy organization.

3. Strategic Planning

We dont do it. We think its hilarious, Blaine says of long-term planning. He dismisses the idea that a credit union can strategically plan how to handle complex ideas and issues years ahead. I think its hubris.

Instead, SECUs twice-a-year board retreats instead focus more on the moment, about what they can see coming up. Did we all know Brexit would happen? Did we all know Donald Trump would be the nominee? Long-range planning is just not that realistic, Blaine argues.

More realistic? Listen to your members and do what your members want and need you to do, he says. Thats a pretty good strategy.

4. Expense Control

None of our members rush out to pay more for financial services, Blaine says. At the end of the day we need to be the low-cost provider. Thats ongoing. The numbers bear it out: According to Callahan & Associates data, SECU had an operating expense/average assets ratio of 1.94% in the first quarter of 2016, compared with 2.74% for the average billion-dollar credit union.

5. Advertising/SECU Foundation

Why spend existing members money to get more? SECUs marketing is word of mouth. The big credit union doesnt advertise.

They come to us not because of some rewards program or a two-for-one, Blaine says. If we lure them in that way, where are we when the warm and fuzzy wears off?

Instead, SECU relies on member service, and on member referrals and the goodwill it has built through the multitude of projects and programs backed by its SECU Foundation, itself funded by voluntary $1-a-month checking account checkoffs by millions of SECU members.

Hatteras Island teacher housing is just one of multiple projects the SECU Foundation has funded with local partners, in this case the Dare Education Foundation on the Outer Banks.

6. Organization/Structure

The fewer levels of management the better, Blaine says. Ours is kind of the Kansas pancake model. For instance, about 50 of the managers at SECUs 256 branches are senior vice presidents who supervise about five others.

He also says that if the title moves, the person doesnt. If one of those SVPs move on, the next person up stays where she or he is while assuming the added responsibilities.

Thats because the ultimate responsibility, Blaine says, is to the local community, where branch managers often hold one of the most important jobs in town.

We dont train people, we indoctrinate them. The first thing we do is explain our culture, mission, and values. If they buy into that, we can teach them everything else. And if they dont, no amount of training will change that.

Jim Blaine, CEO, SECU

If you come up with an idea, you have to implement it at your own location that way, he says. That way you get rid of a lot of bad ideas formed by people sitting in ivory towers.

7. Staff Development/Training

Most of SECUs hires are entry level and promoting from within predominates. Even with a workforce that now numbers about 5,700, Blaine says, he personally talked to every new hire up until the past three or four years. It was the most important thing I did, he says.

We dont train people, we indoctrinate them, Blaine says. The first thing we do is explain our culture, mission, and values. If they buy into that, we can teach them everything else. And if they dont, no amount of training will change that.

8. Service

Quicker, better, or cheaper. If you cant do a product or service by one of those measurements, youre wasting your time, Blaine says. He also says that SECU looks for where it can compete against the likes of home state giant Bank of America without going head-on. If you do, you lose, he said.

Instead, SECU has found it can be successful by investing in branch after branch and the people inside them who serve their own home community and the people who live there.

Were local, local, local on everything, Blaine says. That doesnt mean not offering the requisite mobile services, but it does provide a unique opportunity that has been built up over the years.

You can come into this state with wireless and the latest ATMs, but you cant come in and put in branches and boots on the ground. That takes a whole lot of money and a whole lot of time, he says.

And theyre already there.

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9. Sales Culture

We dont have one. We dont believe in it, Blaine says. There are no goals, no incentives.

SECU does offer insurance and investment products, but there are no goals, no incentives. Instead, for instance, there are 2,200 staffers licensed to sell insurance and more CFPs than Wells Fargo has in our state, Blaine says, and each is evaluated by peers based on service not sales.

The products are simple one checking account, one loan rate, no risk pricing, and the premium is on whats best for the member, not what grows sales.

If you provide excellent service, people will tell other people, and your growth is unlimited, Blaine says.

10. Leadership

Keeping it simple is how leadership rolls at SECU. Its done by example. Everyone here is a service person, here to serve you, the member, Blaine says. Its not about me. Its about you.

Scroll through the timeline below to see SECU milestones and read more about the succession of Jim Blaine.

Part IV: Lord Knows He Has Big Shoes To Fill

SECU stays inside to replace 37-year CEO Jim Blaine with longtime CFO Mike Lord.

Jim Blaine doesnt call the CEOs office his own. Mike Lord, selected last week to take the helm of State Employees Credit Union ($33.3B, Raleigh, NC), will simply be moving into the space I sit in now, Blaine says.

Blaine means that literally. He says hes abandoning his office this week to make room for his newly announced successor, who officially takes over on Sept. 1. Blaine says he was prepared to stay for a year but instead was given 60 days to clear out after 37 years in the top job at the institution he joined in 1973.

Mike Lord will officially take over as President and CEO of SECU on Sept. 1.

You dont need two bosses hanging around, he says.

That philosophy permeates the sprawling organization, where a flat organization chart, simple product lineup, and staffers indoctrinated to serve instead of incented to earn, has helped SECU become the nations second-largest credit union.

We try to operate like 256 small credit unions, Lord says, noting that in his own case, hes working on the same site although a newer building where he began his SECU career. Hes been senior vice president of finance and administration/comptroller/CFO since 1986 all variations on the same theme, he says of his evolving titles and says he long ago drank the Kool Aid that makes SECU a different animal than many of its peers.

Driving those differences is an atypically long-tenured workforce, many of whom came aboard right out of college young and impressionable, Blaine would say like Lord himself was when he was hired as a loan officer 41 years ago.

This is an excellent choice. Mikes the right person at the right time and should make for a very smooth transition, Blaine says. Hell help the organization carry on a lot of things already in process through their refinement and completion.

Projects underway include a new data center that will itself support a new loan-origination system and ATM network. That all will be part of a new process called Convergence in which a unified communication system provides local contacts whenever possible for every caller and emailer.

SECU’s headquarters sits on the same site where Mike Lord began his SECU career in 1975 in the former corporate offices built in 1962.

Were in-sourcing while everyone else seems to be outsourcing, Lord says. Thats in addition to helping guide the growth of the credit unions subsidiaries, including an in-house insurance company, property management operation, and investment arm.

Befitting SECUs credo of service before growth and profits, the latter specializes in low-cost index funds from Vanguard, and the insurance company boasts more than 2,000 licensed agents in the form of multi-tasking branch employees. SECU also has one checking account, one savings account, one credit card, and offers the same loan rates to members regardless of relationship or credit score. There also are no sales incentives.

Mike Lord spoke with CUbroadcast about his new position, leadership, Jim Blaine, and the state of the industry today.

Lord says, My job will be to provide the systems and tools to our staff, and to make sure they understand the culture and philosophy of our credit union and dont lose sight of that, and that it remains intact.

Lord knows he has big shoes to fill, not just in his own shop but across the movement. Jims been the soul of our credit union in making sure the culture is there to keep the focus on our members and addressing and meeting their needs, the new CEO says. But hes also an industry leader who pokes and prods and directs attention, often to some as Mr. Al Gore might say ?inconvenient truths.

Hes been the conscience of our industry in keeping going those conversations on critical matters that we need to talk about, such as the products and services we offer and the regulatory arena and the future of credit unions.

Lord is 64 and says hes committed to staying on the job for five years, maybe longer, if they dont fire me.

And what does the 66-year-old Blaine plan to do now? Absolutely what I want to, he says.

Scroll through the timeline below to see SECU milestones and read more about the succession of Jim Blaine.

Part V: Searching Within Extends To The Board

SECU’s board chair says self-examination across the enterprise, including the board, led to the ideal candidate to be the new CEO. And outside help helped.

Hiring an outside consultant to help the nations second-largest credit union replace its longtime leader was an opportunity to do more than just hire his second-in-command.

The process of selecting current CFO Mike Lord to succeed Jim Blaine as president and CEO of State Employees Credit Union ($33.8B, Raleigh, NC) on Sept. 1 also required reflection on the role of the CEO, the management team, and the board itself, said Cynthia Jolly, board chair for the 256-branch, 2.1 million member institution.

Cynthia Jolly, Board Chair, SECU

Jolly says the North Carolina-based Matthews, Young management consultancy helped the SECU board focus on what it was looking for: the right person to lead the credit union forward while helping to preserve the culture that got it to where it is today.

While the search firm was able to bring us examples of best practices across the industry and beyond, they also understood our culture, how were different in some respects, and they supported us in that part of our understanding of who we wanted to follow Jim, Jolly says.

Those differences include a flat organization chart, a single savings account, a single credit card, one loan rate for each product regardless of relationship, no sales incentives, and 256 branches, at least one in every county of the Tarheel State.

Several locations also double as contact centers and SECU is now in the process of deploying a new system that corrals calls for service and routes them as much as possible to the members home branch.

As Lord says, We try to operate like 256 small credit unions.

A Process Of Self-Examination

Jolly says the replacement process actually began several years ago as the directors looked ahead to Blaines retirement and began talking about who would be next. Jolly says they knew they had a lot of internal talent to consider, since SECU tends to hire young and people tend to stay. (Blaine and Lord are both 40-plus-year employees.)

They also tend to be empowered to lead. SECUs flat management structure includes multiple senior vice presidents who are themselves branch managers but also responsible for several others. Theyre part of a large group of stakeholders in the CEO decision that Jolly and the boards selection committee met with beginning about a year before Lord was selected.

That series of discussions focused on finding out what was really working well at the credit union, future opportunities, and looming challenges, Jolly says. Then, about a year ago we got a little more formal about it, because we knew we were nearing the time that Jim planned to retire. Thats when we began to engage even more seriously as a board and decided to use a search firm, says Jolly, an educational consultant who herself works in organizational development.

Jolly says Mathews, Young and its CEO, Tim ORourke, were a natural choice. The board knew him from prior work, including a planning retreat he had led last year, and as 2016 began the firm was formally charged with helping to identify Blaines successor.

Hiring the right person for CEO may be the most important decision a credit union board will ever make, Jolly says. We were prepared to go outside for the right person if we had to, but we soon confirmed through this process of discovery and discussions that we had a number of very qualified people inside our own organization.

That process of discovery also extended to the board itself. Institutional memory and individual ability are both really important to this process, Jolly says. I definitely would recommend any board about to undergo this process to examine themselves, to look at how ready they are to engage in this.

Jolly also offered these tips for a successful CEO search:

  • Begin early. You really never know when you’re going to have to make a decision such as this, and hopefully it will be one that’s very well thought out and planned for, Jolly says.
  • Discuss and agree on the guiding principles and parameters for the process, including the attributes sought in the right candidate. In SECU’s case, that involved extensive committee discussion.
  • Devote the time and resources to doing it right. Jolly says the search firm helped, of course, but so did a law firm that ensured the right processes were followed, including crafting a proper agreement laying out a clear picture of expectations and opportunities available to the new CEO.
  • Be prepared for the process to take more time than expected.

And last but not least, Jolly says, Celebrate your successes when things are going well.

May 15, 2017

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